TWO KINDS OF FACTS: Hacker and Dreifus make a very key point!

TUESDAY, JUNE 11, 2013

Part 2—It won’t produce a discussion: Given the way our discourse works, it often seems we have two kinds of facts—invented and withheld.

In any given subject area, we’re subjected to waves of invented facts—factual claims which are wrong or misleading. At the same time, an array of accurate facts are studiously withheld from view.

In various subject areas, these two kinds of facts are used to create highly familiar, novelized tales—novelized tales which make clear vision impossible. One such tale was given a prominent place in Sunday’s New York Times.

On the front page of the Sunday Review, Andrew Hacker and Claudia Dreifus seemed to be making a very good point about a change will soon take place in American public schools. By the 2014-2015 school year, public schools in 45 states will be building their instruction around the so-called Common Core State Standards, a new, more demanding set of instructional goals for each of the various grades.

This is a major change in educational practice, in several different ways. According to Hacker and Dreifus, the Common Core “may be the most far-reaching experiment in American educational history.”

Hacker and Dreifus, two Gotham professors, offer a capsule account of this matter in the passage you see below. The highlighted statements take us toward the very good question they seem to raise in their piece:
HACKER AND DREIFUS (6/9/13): By the 2014-15 academic year, public schools in 45 states and the District of Columbia will administer Common Core tests to students of all ages...Many Catholic schools have also decided to implement the Common Core standards; most private, nonreligious schools have concluded that the program isn’t for them.

Many of these “assessments,” as they are called, will be more rigorous than any in the past. Whether the Common Core is called a curriculum or not, there’s little doubt that teachers will feel pressured to gear much of their instruction to this annual regimen. In the coming years, test results are likely to affect decisions about grade promotion for students, teachers’ job status and school viability.
According to Hacker and Dreifus, the tougher “standards” of the Common Core will, in essence, define a new, tougher curriculum. That tougher curriculum, and those tougher new tests, are supposed to move American students to higher levels of achievement.

It sounds good, but will it actually happen? At least for one large group of students, you can color Hacker and Dreifus extremely skeptical.

In our view, the professors employ some jumbled prose in their high-profile piece. We’ll guess that some readers fumbled along without quite grasping the (very good) point they were attempting to make.

Here’s the basic question we think they were asking:

Many students aren’t succeeding with the curriculum being taught now. So what will happen to kids like these if we make our curriculum harder?

Many kids can’t succeed at present. Won’t even more students fail if we make things harder? That’s the (very good) question the professors seem to be asking in the following passage as they imagine what might happen with the new tougher “standards” in place:
HACKER AND DREIFUS: More affluent students, as always, will have parental support. Private tutoring, already a growth industry, will become more important if passing scores on the Common Core are required for graduation. Despite worthy aims, the new standards may well deepen the nation’s social divide.

The Common Core is not oblique in its aim: to instill “college and career readiness” in every American teenager—in theory, a highly democratic ideal. In the past, students were unabashedly tracked, which usually placed middle-class students in academic courses and their working-class peers in vocational programs. New York City had high schools for cooking, printing and needle trades. (There was even one in Brooklyn called Manual Training.) Indeed, the aim of these schools was to prepare a slice of society for blue-collar life. Since the 1960s, this has been seen as undemocratic. Today, students are typically required to take algebra, so they will have more options upon graduation (should they graduate). The irony—and tragedy—is that students who don’t surmount these hurdles now fall even further.

Already, almost one-quarter of young Americans do not finish high school. In Utah and Oklahoma, roughly 20 percent don’t; the proportion rises to 32 percent in South Carolina and 42 percent in Nevada. What does the Common Core offer these students?
Even now, almost one-fourth of kids don’t graduate—may not be able to pass that required algebra class, for example. How will these kids be helped if we make the curriculum that much harder? If we tell them they have to pass algebra and trig?

This is a very good question—has been for a long time. We wrote an op-ed column on this very topic for the Baltimore Sunday Sun in February 1997, when President Clinton was proposing that we make our “standards” tougher.

In that column, we compared the proposed action to peculiar conduct at a track meet. None of the athletes can high jump 6 feet—so officials decide to raise the bar to 7 feet!

That would be a strange track meet. Hacker and Dreifus seem to making a similar point about the plan to raise the bar in public school instruction.

Hacker and Dreifus are asking a very good question about the way the Common Core may affect many kids. In March 2006, we wrote a five-part report about a student in the Los Angeles public schools who failed her high school’s required algebra class six times. Because she couldn’t pass algebra class, she couldn’t get a high school diploma—and she thereby dropped out of school midway through her twelfth grade year.

To read our full series, click here.

Our series was built upon a brilliant report in the Los Angeles Times—a brilliant news report which inspired no wider discussion. Sunday’s piece by Hacker and Dreifus won’t produce a wider discussion either.

In this country, we simply don’t have intelligent discussions about the public schools. In part, we don’t have such discussions because of the contempt our journalistic elites display toward the topic of schools. Example:

Yesterday, the New York Times offered a front-page news report on a related topic, “ability grouping.” The report was written by Vivien Yee.

Yee is a bright young woman but she seems very new to this beat. She graduated from college last June. As best we can tell, she has no background in education or education reporting.

It isn’t Yee’s fault that she got this assignment; our criticism is not aimed at her. But her unavoidable inexperience is on display all through her report, along with the studied contempt the New York Times has for such topics.

Hacker and Dreifus seemed to be raising a very important question this Sunday. But in this country, we simply don’t have intelligent discussions about the public schools. In the place of such discussions, we are routinely handed familiar, tightly-scripted novels about the state of the public schools.

These novels are built around two kinds of facts—invented and withheld. And sure enough! Midway through their piece, Hacker and Dreifus presented the novel which has driven our discussion of public schools for a very long time now. As they did, they made some amazingly basic factual errors, and at least one large leap of logic.

A great many accurate facts were withheld—basic facts the American public is rarely allowed to see.

As they typed a familiar tale, the professors trafficked in two kinds of facts. The familiar novel which resulted has helped obliterate intelligent discourse for a great many years.

Tomorrow: A very familiar tale, built upon two kinds of facts


  1. I ddo tгuѕ&X74; all the ideas you
    have presented &X74;o your post. They'r&X65; reallу cοnvincing and ca&X6e; сerta&X69;nly work.
    Still, the posts are too brief fог novices.

    &X4D;ay yo&X75; please p&X72;olong them a li&X74;tle from
    subseq&X75;ent time? Thanks for th&X65; ρost.

    S&X74;op by my website :: cours sécurité informatique

  2. Іt is nߋt my first time to go to see this weЬsite, i am Ьrowsing this site dailly and get good
    facts from herе everyday.

    My wеb page: rechercɦe assistantes président (

  3. My brother suggested I might like this website. He was entirely right.
    This post actually made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time I
    had spent for this information! Thanks!

    Stop by my web site ... new jersey seo

  4. Hi there, after reading this awesome piece of writing i am too
    delighted to share my know-how here with mates.

    my weblog :: jasmin live (

  5. He spent the past champaign mossers few days just before
    the toes. It was the prerogative of business Friday night: which helps protect the shoe will ensure a level playing field sometimes seek footwear that suits
    your shop/catalogue.

    My web blog - mosser shoes

  6. We are HackEmpire, an Indian based hacking team, with excellent records in our field. We render the following services at affordable price.
    *University grades changing
    *Bank accounts hack
    *Twitters hack
    *email accounts hack
    *Grade Changes hack
    *Website crashed hack
    *server crashed hack
    *Retrieval of lost file/documents
    *Erase criminal records hack
    *Databases hack
    *Sales of Dumps cards of all kinds
    *Untraceable Ip
    *Individual computers hack
    *Websites hack
    *Facebook hack
    *Control devices remotely hack
    *Burner Numbers hack
    *Verified Paypal Accounts hack
    *Any social media account hack
    *Android & iPhone Hack
    *Word Press Blogs hack
    *Text message interception hack
    *email interception hack
    *Skype hack *Credit cards hacker
    *We can drop money into bank accounts (All Bank,American,Chartered Bank,Banco Popular,Bank of Albuquerque, Bank of Arizona,Bank of Arkansas,Bank of Oklahoma,Univest Bank and Trust Co.,USAA Federal Savings Bank,Fifth Third Bank,UniBank,Old Second National Bank,Fidelity Investment bank,Centennial Bank,Zions Bank,Bell State Bank & Trust,arvest bank,American Trust Bank of East Tennessee,Academy Bank,Armed Forces Bank,Simmons First Bank,Cole Taylor Bank etc.)

    Contact us at

  7. Do you want a Professional hacker?

    Hack facebook ? Hack email? change school grades? Hack Visichat Room ? Hack Flash Chat Room ? Hack Ftp User & Pass ? Hack Database ? Hack Yahoo Mail ? Hack Gmail Id ? Hack Websites ? Hack Face Book Account ? hack Vb Forum ? Hack WordPress Blog ? hack C C any country ? hack moneybooker ACCOUNT ? hack liberty Reverse Account ? hack paypal Account ? Root server ? bypass Google phone verification ? Install Red5 On linux server ? Hash Crack ? Hack Bank Account ? Ddos Service ? hack twitter? erase criminal records?

    Get results in 1hrs' time for emails and other accounts.


  8. we are part of a team consisting of highly efficient developers and hackers.
    we upgrade university grades
    remove criminal records
    hack bank accounts
    as well as we are expert of various ecommerce management systems like verified paypal,
    mastercard with untraceable credit on it etc.
    We do custom software and web development in php, java, etc.
    We also develop hacked facebook, twitter, instagram, yahoo, gmail passwords etc.
    We have 100% records from our client as well as highest repeat hire rate.
    our work speak for ourselves, we provide a perfect software solution to all clients.
    We believe in mutual growing with client and hence we work as a technology partner and consultant for our clients.
    contact us @

  9. Hello, do you need a hacker to help hack any of the listed below?

    * Hack into CRAIGSLIST and remove account flagging
    * Hack into any BANK WEBSITE
    * Hack into any COMPANY WEBSITE
    * Hack into any DATA BASE
    * Hack WORD-PRESS Blogs
    * Untraceable IP etc
    * We can restore LOST FILES AND DOCUMENTS , no matter how long they

    have been missing. Worry no more as we are here to help you

    We can also teach you how to do the following with our e-book and

    on-line tutorials:
    * Hack and use Credit Card to shop on-line
    * Monitor any phone and email address
    * Hack Android & i-Phones
    * Tap into anybody's call and monitor their conversation
    * Email and Text message interception
    contact us at:

  10. Need a hacker for general ethical hacks? specialized hacks, hack into email accounts(gmail, yahoo, aol etc.), gain access to various social networks (such as facebook, twitter, instagram, badoo etc.), specialized and experienced hacking into educational institutions, change of grades, clearing of criminal records, clear credit card debts, drop money into credit cards, smartphone hack, hack into banks accounts in various countries etc. contact us via ethicalgenius2015(@)gmail(.)com

  11. Hello all am here tell you that mostly rippers are comes in this field I met different country's peoples almost everyone said that they have been ripped many times with different ways like send WU selling Money adder Software. Now Situation is that now one believe that real hacker are still in this world cuz scammer / rippers build abad image of real hacker / spammer / carders.
    am here to aware those peoples who newbie who don't know about hacking they just waste their money am here to teach you about hacking thats whoz work.
    contact me if you want to learn about it or make a deal with me am not make a deal without proof

    serious persons do contact:

  12. *********** Welcome to Shop ************

    - I'm is Professional seller,more than 6 years experience,i have sold cvv credit card to many customers all over the world.
    - Selling cvv, fullz many country as: Canada,USA,Australia,UK...all And many country in Europe: Fr,Ger,Spain,Ita...
    - I hope we will work together for a long time.
    - Always sell cvv quality with high balance.
    - I have a website but if you want buy cvv good price please contact me.

    Contact me:
    - Y!m : westernunionhacker
    - Mail:

    ___________________ CCV !! CCN ______________________

    List cc and my price..

    - Us (Visa,Master) = 5$ per 1
    - Us (Amex,Dis) = 6$ per 1
    - Us Bin 10$ , US Dob 15$
    - Us fullz info = 25$ per 1
    - Uk (Visa,Master) = 10$ per 1
    - Uk (Amex,Dis) = 15$ per 1
    - Uk Bin 15$ , UK Dob 20$
    - Uk fullz info = 30$ per 1
    - Ca (Visa,Master) = 15$ per 1
    - Ca (Amex,Dis) = 20$ per 1
    - Ca Bin 15$ , CA Dob 20$
    - Ca fullz info = 30$ per 1
    - Au (Visa,Master) = 15$ per 1
    - Au (Amex,Dis) = 20$ per 1
    - Au Bin 17$ , AU Dob 25$
    - Au fullz info = 30$ per 1
    - Eu (Visa,Master) = 20$ per 1
    - Eu (Amex,Dis) = 23$ per 1
    - Eu Bin 25$ , AU Dob 30$
    - Eu fullz info = 40$ per 1
    - RDP = 20$
    - SMTP = 25$ ( All Country )
    - Italy = 20$ per 1 (fullz info = 35$)
    - Spain = 20$ per 1 (fullz info = 35$)
    - Denmark = 25$ per1 (fullz info = 35$)
    - Sweden = 20$ per 1 (fullz info = 35$)
    - France = 20$ per 1 (fullz info = 35$)
    - Germany = 20$ per 1 (fullz info = 35$)
    - Ireland = 20$ per 1 (fullz info = 35$)
    - Mexico = 15$ per 1 (fullz info = 30$)
    - Asia = 15$ per 1 (fullz info = 30$)

    _________i Only Exchange WU to PM , WU to WMZ_________

    - 100$ WU = 100$ PM
    - 200$ WU = 200$ PM
    - 100$ WU = 110$ WMZ
    - 200$ WU = 210$ WMZ

    ________________ Do WU transfer ______________________

    - 700$ for MTCN 8000$
    - 550$ for MTCN 6000$
    - 400$ for MTCN 4000$
    - 200$ for MTCN 1500$

    __________ Bank Logins Prices US UK CA AU EU _____________

    . Bank Us : ( Bank of america,HALIFAX,BOA,CHASE,Wells Fargo...)
    . Balance 3000$ = 150$
    . Balance 5000$ = 250$
    . Balance 8000$ = 400$
    . Balance 12000$ = 600$
    . Balance 15000$ = 800$
    . Balance 20000$ = 1000$

    - Bank UK : ( LLOYDS TSB,BARCLAYS,Standard Chartered,HSBC...)
    . Balance 5000 GBP = 300$
    . Balance 12000 GBP = 600$
    . Balance 16000 GBP = 700$
    . Balance 20000 GBP = 1000$
    . Balance 30000 GBP = 1200$

    __________________ PayPal account _______________________

    = Account Paypal 1500$ = 200$
    = Account Paypal 2500$ = 250$
    = Account Paypal 4000$ = 350$
    = Account Paypal 7000$ = 550$

    _____________ Dumps track 1 track 2 with pin _____________

    - Dumps,Tracks 1&2 Us = 70$ per 1
    - Dumps,Tracks 1&2 Uk = 80$ per 1
    - Dumps,Tracks 1&2 Ca = 100$ per 1
    - Dumps,Tracks 1&2 Au = 100$ per 1
    - Dumps,Tracks 1&2 Eu = 110$ per 1

    -Sample Dump + Pin:
    Track1 : B4096663104697113^FORANTO/CHRI STOPHER M^09061012735200521000000 ,
    Track2 : 4096663104697113=0906101273525 21
    Pin : 1783

    -WARRANTY time is 10 HOURS. Any cvv purchase over 10 hours can not warranty.
    -If you buy over 30 cvvs, i will sell for you best price.
    -I will discount for you if you are reseller or you order everyday many on the next day.
    -I will prove to you that I am the best sellers. And make sure you will enjoy doing business with me.
    -I accept PM (Perfect money) ,WU (western union) , WMZ (webmoney) or MoneyGram...

    Contact me
    - Y!m : westernunionhacker
    - Mail:

  13. Allot of fakes everywhere, i thought this hacking thing was a joke till i
    needed someone to do a private hacking for me and also a
    facebook. i was introduced to
    by my british friend, so i decided to try him and he passed. firstly he
    proves to you he is not a cheat by working a sample job that you
    confirm first then you are 100% sure he can do your work without being
    cheated. he doesnt ask for payment first, he works first.