Part 4—Community rather than tribe: Dr. King was 28 when he wrote Stride Toward Freedom.
(Five years later, he published the embarrassingly titled book, Strength to Love.)
Stride Toward Freedom plainly wasn’t an eighth grade graduation address. Its author was a fully grown man who’d already had a wealth of experience. These experiences had helped him test his views.
At age 27, Dr. King’s home had been firebombed, in the night, with his wife and baby daughter inside. In response, Dr. King had made one of the most unusual public statements in American history.
That incident is described in chapter 8 of Stride Toward Freedom. In chapter 6 of that book, Dr. King described the “intellectual quest” which led him to the belief that “the love ethic of Jesus” was “a powerful and effective social force on a large scale.”
The views outlined by Dr. King are very much unlike our own. If you visit Our Own Cable Nerdland of a languorous weekend morning, you’ll hear a bit of humble-bragging and a fair amount of guff. But you’re likely to hear few reflections of Dr. King’s unusual views, which the Charleston families reflected when they spoke about love and forgiveness.
Within the modern context, Dr. King’s views aren’t cable-ready. Consider his peculiar ideas about concerning those who would do evil in the world.
Midway through his chapter 6, Dr. King continued to speak about Gandhi’s approach to the other. He described an outlook which seems familiar in modern-day Charleston, while being largely foreign, unknown, in the rest of our world.
“Gandhi resisted evil with as much vigor and power as the violent resister,” Dr. King wrote, “but he resisted with love instead of hate.” Dr. King then described a peculiar idea—“the faith that it is better to be the recipient of violence than the inflicter of it, since the latter only multiplies the existence of violence and bitterness in the universe.”
It should be remembered that Dr. King was describing a world in which actual violence was frequently visited on non-violent protesters. Writing from within that world, he voiced a peculiar set of concerns—his concern about the amount of bitterness in the universe; his concern that his own actions in the pursuit of justice might add to that amount.
What was this gentleman talking about?
In the following passage, Dr. King described the “social philosophy” he finally assembled during his years of graduate study. He said those ideas had been tested during the Montgomery bus boycott, during which time his own home was firebombed:
DR. KING (page 101): In 1954 I ended my formal training with all of these relatively divergent intellectual forces converging into a positive social philosophy. One of the main tenets of this philosophy was the conviction that nonviolent resistance was one of the most potent weapons available to oppressed people in their quest for social justice. At the time, however, I had merely an intellectual understanding and appreciation of the position, with no firm determination to organize it in a socially effective situation.Again—in their talk about love and forgiveness, the families in Charleston were speaking the language of Dr. King, who believed in the Sermon on the Mount “with its sublime teachings on love.”
When I went to Montgomery as a pastor, I had not the slightest idea that I would later become involved in a crisis in which nonviolent resistance would be applicable. I neither started the protest nor suggested it. I simply responded to the call of the people for a spokesman. When the protest began, my mind, consciously or unconsciously, was driven back to the Sermon on the Mount, with its sublime teachings on love, and the Gandhian method of nonviolent resistance. As the days unfolded, I came to see the power of nonviolence more and more. Living through the actual experience of the protest, nonviolence became more than a method which I gave intellectual assent; it became a commitment to a way of life. Many of the things that I had not cleared up intellectually regarding nonviolence were now solved in the sphere of practical action.
Outside the Carolina low country, with its highly unusual cadences, is there any room at this time for Dr. King’s views on these matters? We ask that question because Dr. King went on to express some unusual views about the meaning of love and nonviolent resistance, views which are rarely reflected in our poisonous discourse.
Read the rest of Dr. King’s chapter only ye who dare! As he continues, he describes some very unusual views about the requirements brought on him by his belief in the power and goodness of love—of “the love ethic of Jesus” as expressed through Gandhian nonviolent resistance.
Weirdly, Dr. King says this: Nonviolence “does not seek to defeat or humiliate the opponent.”
“The end is redemption and reconciliation,” he weirdly says. “The aftermath of nonviolence is the creation of the beloved community, while the aftermath of violence is tragic bitterness.”
Dr. King goes further in this discussion, insisting that the nonviolent resister must direct his attack “against forces of evil rather than against persons who happen to be doing the evil.” The protester must even be willing to “accept blows from the opponent without striking back.”
(He quotes Gandhi at this point: “Rivers of blood may have to flow before we gain our freedom, but it must be our blood.”)
In the modern progressive context, of course, no one is suggesting violent action—at least, no one is doing so yet. For that reason, it may seem that Dr. King’s high-minded proscriptions don’t apply to us.
That thought would be mistaken. We regret to inform yo0u that Dr. King went on to say things like this:
DR. KING (page 103): A fifth point concerning nonviolent resistance is that it avoids not only external physical violence but also violence of spirit. The nonviolent resister not only refuses to shoot his opponent but he also refuses to hate him. At the center of nonviolence stands the principle of love. The nonviolent resister would contend that in the struggle for human dignity, the oppressed people of the world must not succumb to the temptation of becoming bitter or indulging in hate campaigns.Say what? We can’t even indulge in hate campaigns? At this point, Dr. King’s peculiar views start coming a bit too close.
By now, we’ll assume that one point is clear. In the conduct which occasioned pushback form our intellectual leaders, the Charleston families were speaking directly from the moral and intellectual traditions of Dr. King.
No one is required to affirm these traditions. But in our view, it was appalling to see our useless journalists and professors rolling their eyes at the low-country folk who were, in fact, speaking from an intellectual tradition much deeper and richer than their own crabbed set of views and reactions.
Cable culture tends to be like that; so does the New York Times. No one has to agree with the views those families expressed, of course. But we thought it was rich to see our floundering, unhelpful “elites” condescend to the Charleston families in the way they did.
We’ll make one more point as we close:
Dr. King speaks directly to our world in the passage we’ve just quoted. It isn’t that we can’t shoot our opponents, he says. We also can’t revile them!
Continuing directly, he starts explaining why. Within the impoverished modern context, these are crazy ideas:
“To retaliate in kind would do nothing but intensify the existence of hate in the universe. Along the way of life, someone must have sense enough and morality enough to cut off the chain of hate. This can only be done by projecting the ethic of love to the center of our lives.”
Dr. King would be out of step with modern times. The liberal world which has emerged in the years since the war in Iraq is heavily built around otherization. If you doubt that, just click here.
The ethic of love hasn’t been projected to the center of our lives, at least not in the sense Dr. King meant. Our world is built around the tribe; his concept of the world was centered on “the beloved community.”
We have to help the others, he said, even if they want to harm us. Eventually, he offered this, employing a Greek term for “disinterested love:”
DR. KING (page 105): Agape is not a weak, passive love. Agape is love seeking to preserve and extend community. It is insistence on community even when one seeks to break it...Agape is a willingness to go to any length to restore community.To Dr. King, the love ethic requires “insistence on community even when one seeks to break it”—even when someone like Dylann Roof seeks to break it.
“He who works against community is working again the whole of creation,” Dr. King goes on to say. “...I can only close the gap in broken community by meeting hate with love.”
When Dr. King’s home was bombed, angry supporters, some with guns, assembled there. He told them to take their weapons home, then seems to have made an embarrassing statement.
Slightly different accounts exist of what he actually said. In Parting the Waters: America in the King Years 1954-63, Taylor Branch records him saying this:
“If you have weapons, take them home. He who lives by the word will perish by the sword. Remember that is what Jesus said. We are not advocating violence. We want to love our enemies. I want you to love our enemies. Be good to them. This is what we must live by. We must meet hate with love.”
David Garrow quotes Dr. King adding a bit of advice: “I want you to love our enemies. Be good to them. Love them and let them know you love them.”
In Stride toward Freedom, Dr. King recalls his own words slightly differently. In chapter 8, The Violence of Desperate Men, he recalls himself saying this:
“We must love our white brothers, no matter what they do to us. We must make them know that we love them. Jesus still cries out in words that echo through the centuries: ‘Love your enemies; bless them that curse you; pray for them that despitefully use you.’ This is what we must live by. We must meet hate with love.”
Dr. King’s ideas and reactions are far removed from the modern context. He lived for community—for what he called the beloved community. We’re deeply in thrall to the tribe.
A lot of money is being made by teaching us that manner of thinking. For ourselves, we think Dr. King’s views about social progress were almost surely right.
What sorts of behavior produce good results? More on this problem tomorrow in yet another breaking report from the forgotten land we might even call the low country.
Tomorrow: Reactions from several observers
But it's so much more satisfying to a Social Justice Warrior to watch a CVS burn and "understand" the arsonist (don't call him thug) and his legacy of slavery, from our folks' house in the suburbs. Don't take away our feels.ReplyDelete
If this were your cause, you would follow King's way by peacefully blocking the doors of that local CVS so that looters would have to step over you to carry out their evil acts. Some community members did defend their local business owners in that way. Did you?Delete
I have heard that Bob is now doing his daily sermon in front of a Baltimore CVS. Because of his age, height and weight, he does not stand on a box when he warns passersby their intellectual culture is melting in ways they do not see. He does warn them to be on the lookout for people passing themselves off as liberal leaders. Often credentials such as journalist, professor, and tell tale signs such as being under thirty five give away these charlatans. That and origins in the north, which may be disguised by birth and rearing in the south. Sometimes (actually more often than you might suspect) they are even black.Delete
Of course what we heard might be false. This in no way means it cannot be true. He did use to do stand up comedy and somebody may have seen him and thought the preacher resembled Bob when he was much younger.
"It's so much more satisfying to use the term 'Social Justice Warrior' to describe anyone who isn't a bigoted loon like me."Delete
FTFY - now bugger off.
BLOG COUNTRY CONTRADICTIONS: Blogger Bob's Peculiar Day to Day VariancesReplyDelete
"Dr. King was 28 when he wrote Stride Toward Freedom.
Stride Toward Freedom plainly wasn’t an eighth grade graduation address. Its author was a fully grown man..."
Blogger Somerby Today
"The latest such player is David Graham, Duke 2009. ......it’s dark and cold inside young Graham’s head. ....The children are eager to please, if not real sharp. This is the way the current child presents his overview:
This is a good, well-trained boy.
Note the way this hopeless child treats the Whitewater matter.....Graham turned out to be a good boy."
Blogger Somerby Yesterday
Mr. Graham may be 28. Or he might still be 27. In which case we apologize for implying anything we did not say literally.
This seems like a contradiction only to sad trolls who cannot think well. MLK developed a coherent theology-based philosophy of life based on his experiences. David Graham learned to write the kind of articles demanded by his employers in order to further his career. He is called a child by Somerby because of his lack of moral development.Delete
This troll seems to think that Somerby's admiration for MLK means he cannot call out evil behavior where it occurs. MLK didn't say that. This troll seems to think that advanced age automatically leads to greater wisdom. That is true only for those who spend their years searching for understanding instead of wealth and status. MLK did that. Graham did not.
This troll doesn't do nuance. He doesn't understand that calling one man a giant and another a child refers to their accomplishments, not their actual height or age.
We thought Bob said manhood was an age thing. We apologize for this ginormous mistake in our view. We take things literally because we are brain injured.Delete
We are sorry we missed Somerby's reference to King or Graham's height. And don't ever again mention Chris Christie is fat or was friends with the unreliable Wildstein before he blimped out.
"Dr. King was 28 when he wrote Stride Toward Freedom."Delete
That year, 1957, Dr. King received the NAACP's Spingarn Medal - given for outstanding achievement by an African-American - for his leadership role in the Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott. The 13-month boycott began when Rosa Park refused to relinquish her seat on a bus to a white man.
I fully understand there isn't anyone I can learn something or other from. I think that's true of everyone. That said I'm very skeptical of world view prognosis from silver spoon from birth, elite prep school, Ivy League 20-something year old kids who've never rebelled against anything. God love em, they may be smart as a whip, but in most cases the experience just isn't there to go on.Delete
Disclaimer -- this is an unmoderated progressive blog. Most of the readers here like and appreciate the blog author, whether they agree with him or not. This comment box is inhabited by a number of trolls who repeatedly attack the blog author in a variety of ways, rarely substantive. Their attacks do not reflect the opinions of other commenters.ReplyDelete
Note to casual readers of this blog.Delete
You have been dropped as the object of the disclaimer gal's missive because, as you might have casually noted, there are very, very few (if any) of you around.
On a positive note, she is now calling Bob's rant a progressive blog. If you are a progressive too, don't let that go to your head. You are still a dumb, lazy, and immoral liberal in Bob's book so don't step out of line again like the time you slept in the woods and let them say those nasty things about Al Gore.
Not a gal -- but perhaps it amuses you to call someone you dislike female?Delete
No. I get perturbed by the assumption everyone is male so I call you disclaimer gal instead of disclaimer guy.Delete
If you want your gender recognizable perhaps you can select something other than the "Anonymous" tag. Research has shown this is the ruse used by trolls. Who, by the way are mostly white males protecting privilege and inflicting pain. And BTW the researcher was a woman. Who wrote her PhD about you people. And now may be a professor. Or just a lecturer. Which makes her a wannabe.
Why not use a non gender noun?Delete
Why not use something that deters any assumption at all, like "anonymous"Delete
This is one of if not the worst blog in online cyberspace today.ReplyDelete
Since there are so many other better blogs in cyberspace, why did you come back here?Delete
The Howler is a magnet blog for masochists and white supremacists lately. It may be due to the title.Delete
If the guy was good he would have a job on the network media not some dumb blog so of course he complains that they are bad really he's just not that good and he always brings up MLK like who cares he totally boring and you are stupid too jerk.Delete
If the guy was good he would be going into retirement a rich man like Letterman.Delete
Or to jail like those teachers in Atlanta.Delete
Yeah if the guy was good he would have a job on network media. Yeah, he sure would. That's where the good people end up. Network media. He must not be good.Delete
It was linked on my rss feed and I read the online blog posted here.ReplyDelete
What's with all the Jesus sky daddy talk? Is this Huckabee's blog??!!11Flying spaghetti monster!!1Science dawkins!1ReplyDelete
Uttering The Flying Spagetti Monster's name in vain? Blasphemy!!Delete