RACE AND TOWN: Dr. Moore assumed to be right!

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 2021

In Our Town, "race" wins again: How sketchy can the journalism get, here in Our Town, when it comes to questions involving "race?"

The journalism can get extremely sketchy! Consider the first news report we read today, a report at the Washington Post.

During the 6 A.M. hour, the report was featured near the top of the Post's web site. The link to the piece said this:

Black restaurant servers were tipped less than others in retaliation for enforcing social distancing, report says

Based on that synopsis, the news report seemed to involve an extremely narrow finding. When we clicked the link and started to read, we found ourselves reading this, dual headlines included.

Just for now, ignore that second headline:

JAN (2/5/21): Black restaurant servers were tipped less than others in retaliation for enforcing social distancing, report says

The subminimum wage is a legacy of slavery that disproportionately harms Black workers today

Black food service workers whose incomes largely derive from tips have earned less during the coronavirus pandemic than their White counterparts and are more likely to experience retaliation for enforcing social distancing and mask rules, according to a new report by One Fair Wage, a national worker-advocacy group.

Black restaurant workers also fared worse on other measures amid a recession that has especially devastated communities of color, with Black unemployment reaching nearly 10 percent. They were more likely to contract covid-19 or know someone who died of the disease, and were less able to obtain unemployment insurance, the report said.

The findings resulted from a survey that One Fair Wage conducted of tipped service workers who received aid from a relief fund that the organization started last March. About 4,000 out of 40,000 workers in New York, Michigan, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Washington, D.C., responded to the emailed survey.

Nearly 90 percent of Black workers said their tips dropped 50 percent or more after returning to work during the pandemic, compared with 72 percent of White workers, the report said. More than 70 percent of Black workers said customers tipped them less for enforcing social distancing and mask rules, compared with 60 percent of White workers.

As you can see, the findings which the Post describes are wholly drawn from a single "new report" by one lone advocacy group.

That doesn't mean that the findings are wrong. On the other hand, it doesn't exactly guarantee that the findings are right.

Beyond that, the findings are based on self-reporting by a self-selected subset of people who work in the field. Also, just to be perfectly honest, the differences described in those opening paragraphs aren't especially huge.

The findings result from a self-selected sample of tipped service workers who had "received aid from [one particular] relief fund" during the past year.  Among respondents to that survey, various statistical findings emerged, including this:

"More than 70 percent of Black workers said customers tipped them less for enforcing social distancing and mask rules, compared with 60 percent of White workers."

Ideally, no servers would be tipped less for attempting to enforce such rules. Later in the Post report, we seem to be told that the servers in question had tried to enforce such rules "politely!"

That said, that difference in reported loss of tips strikes us as less than overwhelming. By the way,  the Post has its thumb on the scale just a tad in its account of this (reported) difference. If the Post had tried to more precise—to honor parallel construction—that sentence would have said this:

"More than 70 percent of Black workers said customers tipped them less for enforcing social distancing and mask rules, compared with more than 60 percent of White workers."

The actual numbers in the report were 73% for black servers, 62% for white. Did we mention the fact that these numbers emerged from one extremely narrow survey, based upon a subset of workers who chose to respond?

Our view? The Post reported underwhelming findings which had emerged from a single survey—a survey based on self-reporting from a self-selected group of respondents. On that amazingly slender basis alone, we'd be inclined to roll out eyes at the large display the Post gave this new report.

Let us also say this:

A second aspect of the Post's report appears in that second headline. It appears as that headline ties these underwhelming findings to—what else?—slavery days! 

The way all restaurant servers get paid is "a legacy of slavery," the Washington Post tells us today. And who knows? That could even be true!

We saw this Post report today because of its very high placement on the paper's web site. The findings it reports are essentially useless—but, as if by the current laws of Our Town, it all tracks to slavery days.

Such reporting is now quite common here in the streets of Our Town. It takes us beyond the point we planned to reach this week in our account of life in Our Town, but it may help us think about the case of Dr. Susan Moore and the way that unfortunate case was reported all over the upper-end press and pundit corps.

Dr. Moore died of Covid-19 in December; she was 52 years old. Following our reports of the past three days, we pose these questions today:

Did Dr. Moore receive inadequate care during her initial hospital stay? If so, did she receive that  inadequate care because of her perceived "race?"

According to Dr. Joia Crear-Perry, we human beings are all the same in the biological sense. There's no such thing as biological race. 

That myth—the myth of biological race—came to us, live and direct, from the (conceptual) horrors of "the world the slaveholders made." But there's no such thing as (biological) race. Biologically, we humans are all the same!

Our analysts cheered when Crear-Perry seemed to make that often forgotten statement at the end of the December 30 Democracy Now program. (We were watching the show on a Washington PBS station.)

We cheered, but we were struck by the way that closing statement contrasted with what had gone before. You see, all during the prior discussion, Crear-Perry had joined moderator Amy Goodman and a second physician in assuming that they actually knew how to assess the treatment Dr. Moore had received during the first of her two hospital stays.

As is completely obvious, they couldn't possibly know the truth about the treatment Dr. Moore had received. But they all agreed to behave like they did. In this now-familiar way, they reversed an old Storyline. 

The original Storyline ran on a basic assumption. It a person who was perceived to be white said something about a person who was perceived to be black, the statement by the "white" person was assumed to be correct and binding.

By the rules of the game, white people were always right. Black people were always wrong. 

Within this country's brutal history, that Storyline emerged from a brutal ancient regime—from the world the slaveholders made. During that era, "white" people were strongly inclined to believe in biological race, a belief Crear-Perry rejected. 

Today, intellectual leaders in Our Town don't believe in biological race. But dear God! We now tend to manifest a type of blind belief  in sociological race. As a result, we're now flipping the scripts which came to us from that earlier brutal world.

Dr. Moore was "black;" her doctor or doctors were "white." In the brave new cosmology invented by people like Goodman, this means that Dr. Moore's assessments were automatically assumed to be right, even though we have no apparent way of assessing what actually happened.

(In a related matter, do we still believe Tara Reade here in Our Town? Do we assume that her accusation  had to be right, as we were initially told? Citizens, we're just asking!)

You can read as much as you want about the claims Dr. Moore made in the last few weeks of her life. Even now, you will find exactly zero way of assessing their ultimate accuracy. 

Dr. Moore's claims may, of course, have been perfectly accurate—but her claims may have been unbalanced or wrong. That said, we in Our Town now widely agree:

The mere fact of her sociological race means that her claims were correct! We're all expected to attest to things we can't possibly know.

This is the way we now behave here in the streets of Our Town. These are the rules which determine what we'll read in the Washington Post or hear on PBS.

Before she appeared on Democracy Now, Crear-Perry had co-authored a widely-cited opinion column in that same Washington Post. That column had even compared the videotape of Dr. Moore making her claims to the earlier videotape of the late George Floyd being killed, facedown in the street, by Officer Derek Chauvin.

Crear-Perry had no way of knowing whether Dr. Moore's assessments and claims were accurate. Amy Goodman doesn't have a whiff of a hint of the first freaking clue.

Goodman had no way of assessing Dr. Moore's claims. But so what? On her December 30 show, she proceeded with dogma, as always.

This is the way such judgments were made when people believed in biological race. Now we strongly believe in sociological race, and we've flipped the roles which have been assigned to the two "racial" groups.

This is deeply unintelligent work. According to major experts, our species has done it this way all through the annals of time.

Next week: Race and Fury? Race and Pretense? In the ridiculous streets of Our Town, the choices go on and on


31 comments:

  1. "Our view? The Post reported underwhelming findings which had emerged from a single survey—a survey based on self-reporting from a self-selected group of respondents."

    Quite a euphemistic view that is, dear Bob - just as usual when you manage to collect all your your courage and express a disagreement with your cult's dogma.

    Which is quite a contrast to your hyperbolic denunciations of The Others (they are all 'crazy', right?).

    But okay, you are, dear Bob, a liberal after all, which is synonymous with 'brain-dead' for all intents and purposes.

    Well, in our view, your cult's goebbelsian organ, WaPo, is simply hate-mongering, spreading its liberal-hitlerian propaganda. As usual.

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    1. I'm confused Mao. When you accuse the Post or liberals of spreading "Hitlerian" propaganda, do you mean that as a compliment? I ask, given your apparent affinity for that type of propaganda?

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  2. "As you can see, the findings which the Post describes are wholly drawn from a single "new report" by one lone advocacy group."

    The purpose of the news report was to announce the findings of that specific study. If you want to read overall findings, you need to study sociology and ethnic studies.

    If a study is properly conducted, it should replicate (produce similar results when repeated by someone else). In the sociological and psychological literature, there are numerous studies replicating important findings that become part of the corpus (body of work) of that field. These individual studies are not taken on their own but comprise accumulated knowledge that converges on accepted findings. Those accepted findings are put into textbooks and taught in college courses, not individual studies like this one.

    Somerby doesn't understand how science works. He thinks he has found some big important flaw that no one else is aware of, but actually the problem is his assumption that anyone thinks a single study determines truth.

    The headline is correct and it is right for the authors to announce what they have found. It is wrong of Somerby to disbelieve everything because he is unaware of the larger literature and context in which this study appears. He seems to have only two speeds (1) full on, unconditional belief, (2) unconditional rejection and refusal to accept findings. Science operates in the midground with provisional acceptance awaiting further evidence. In fact, that is where flexible people live their lives. Not in Somerby's extremes -- a nihilistic world that I doubt even Somerby fully inhabits.

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    1. Ah, science. In the U.S. were have a court trial system. In many cases, involving scientific or other specialized issue that lay persons are unlikely to be familiar with, each side often hires experts. And the experts disagree with each other, taking a position depending on which side they are testifying for (and who is paying them). Not the same thing as "One Fair Wage" doing a poll, but my perception is that One Fair Wage pre-supposes that the entire fabric of the country is infected with 'racism' and they take a poll like this with the intent of discovering more of it. Did they ever do a poll designed to determine if black persons are more likely to believe that they have been discriminated due to their race based on speculation rather than verifiable evidence?

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    2. "Did they ever do a poll..."

      You can look that up. A poll is self-report, but there are studies comparing whether people give accurate answers in polls. You seem to be suggesting that black respondents may give inaccurate responses because they expect to be discriminated against. Where might such an expectation come from, if not real life experience?

      There is a really interesting study about the causal attributions made by black people whenever something bad happens to them, and they must decide whether animosity was involved or bad luck. Unsurprisingly, such attributions vary depending on how each individual has been treated in the past.

      The idea that racism doesn't exist and black people are just paranoid strikes me as kind of racist because it again denies the reality of black experience and makes racial mistreatment their problem and not something our society must address.

      What you are talking about is bias and there are many ways that bias can be examined in self-report studies such as polls. The discussion gets very technical and there is math involved.

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    3. @unknown
      You have it wrong about One Fair Wage. Here is their mission statement:
      “One Fair Wage is a national coalition, campaign and organization seeking to end all subminimum wages in the United States and increase the sustainability of wages and working conditions in the service sector. One Fair Wage policy would require all employers to pay the full minimum wage with fair, non-discriminatory tips on top, that would lift millions of tipped and subminimum wage workers nationally out of poverty.”

      Sounds like a good progressive goal. But don’t let that get in the way of your and Somerby’s bashing of this particular study showing racial bias. Can’t have that, so piss on the entire organization.

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    4. anon5:39 - what do the studies say about giving inaccurate responses or responses based on preexisting biases? You don't seem to recognize that there is a lot of space between "racism does not exist" and that ours is a white supremacist society. It's a fact that people in general, not just blacks, to some degree or another have biases and preconceptions that lead them to believe things that might not be true.

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    5. mh - It is a worthy goal to improve the lot of underpaid restaurant staff, though on the other hand, the restaurant business has always been very competitive, and now with covid, they are getting killed. People aren't goin to restaurants, and if they need to pay more to the staff, it will hurt them more, and i they go out of business the staff will lose jobs. The justification for the present system is that they earn tips, and some make good money, or at least did. As far as Our fair Wage, it's entirely possible that it can be both good progressive organization and that they are biased in the direction of believing that racism is an overwhelming presence,. I think skepticism is the sensible approach to that kind of poll instead of uncritical acceptance.

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    6. Every time you meet someone with a belief in Q-Anon or some other conspiracy theory, they also have this idea that if there is any room for doubt, then the facts that contradict their preferred beliefs can be set aside and do not have to be accounted for. That's why Somerby's constant repetition of "anything is possible" and his carping at legitimate journalism is so destructive to truth.

      You, AC/MA, seem to think that if you can suggest the existence of some room for doubt in a study or report, then Somerby must be right about whatever stupid bullshit he is peddling.

      People believe in the existence of racism because there are so many examples of it in our society. Between skepticism (which does not mean denying everything) and uncritical acceptance, there is a consideration of the content of a study despite its flaws (because most flaws do not sufficiently undermine the point of a study to be worth setting aside its findings). Somerby has a habit of denying studies that passed peer review by experts in that area of knowledge, just as he here denies that two doctors might know more than he does.

      When someone believes there is racism in tipping, for example, it is not bias unless there is no foundation for that belief. Somerby hasn't proven that the poll was wrong at all. He just said it didn't show a strong effect. You seem to have bent that complaint into a blanket denial of racism. That is making you sound like a total fool.

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  3. And the point of Somerby's rejection of this study and of Dr. Moore's complaints is not critical thinking run amok, but the opportunity to declare that racism doesn't exist.

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  4. "A second aspect of the Post's report appears in that second headline. It appears as that headline ties these underwhelming findings to—what else?—slavery days! "

    Study after study find similar disparities. If they were random, as Somerby suggests, then you would expect some results to favor African Americans. Instead, they nearly all (admitting the possibility that there may be one or two studies that disadvantage whites, even if I do not know of any) favor whites and disadvantage blacks.

    Somerby has too little imagination to think about what it must be like to live in a world where everything is tilted slightly against you. He cannot conceive that such disadvantages may be cumulative and have impacts beyond the financial.

    Of course this goes back to slavery. All of these differences between black and white people in our culture go back to slavery because that was the condition that institutionalized disparities based on color in our society.

    Is Somerby pretending to be a moron or is he actually operating under diminished capacity? I suspect that he is fine but his racist biases (aggravated by covid stress) are warping his thinking.

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  5. "Crear-Perry had no way of knowing whether Dr. Moore's assessments and claims were accurate. Amy Goodman doesn't have a whiff of a hint of the first freaking clue."

    This is untrue. Not only was Moore a physician, but so is Crear-Perry. It is Somerby who doesn't have a freaking clue (or any other kind of clue). He needs to quit while he is behind.

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    1. I would think that in order to evaluate Dr. Moore's charge that she wasn't given narcotics to alleviate her pain was due to her race, you'd have to hear what the doctor in question had to say in response.

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    2. It seems likely that the hospital chief of staff talked to the doctor involved before giving Dr. Moore an apology and promising sensitivity training.

      Hospitals have a "standard of care" that describes the appropriate treatment for each diagnosis. This isn't as subjective as people think. Failure to conform to the standard of care requires an explanation grounded in the patient's medical condition. Dr. Moore would know the standard of care because she is a physician, so her complaint that she was mistreated is a matter of fact, not solely her opinion.

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    3. "It seems likely" - i.e you don't know. Just because Dr. Moore is a doctor doesn't mean she is, or was, right that she was mistreated, or moreso that if the treatment was faulty, that it was because of the doctor's 'racism' doctors can be just as crazy, or irrational as anyone else. It's possible that the doctor had valid reasons for his decision - or maybe not. And isn't over the top to compare her situation with what happened to Floyd?

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    4. Look, AC/MA, I wasn't there and I don't know who talked to who, obviously. But no reasonable person would not talk to the doctor involved, to hear his side of things.

      There are chart review studies showing undertreatment of pain for black patients and women. You have to work very hard to discount all of the studies that have shown this.

      I'm sure the doctor thought he was doing the right thing by denying her pain medication, but that doesn't make him right either. What happened to Floyd was that he was begging for his life and repeatedly said he couldn't breathe. Didn't you hear the video? Police think that if you can talk, you can breathe, and that is not correct. Police are not doctors.

      Somerby gives neither of these black Doctors any benefit of the doubt. I do not understand why you are so invested in finding some circumstance that will let you deny that racism exists in medical settings. Why wouldn't it? It exists in other settings, why not in medicine?

      Here is the bottom line -- white people don't get to decide whether black people are being treated in racist ways.

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  6. Truth could slap Somerby in the face and he wouldn't acknowledge it. He is singlehandedly demonstrating how a bigot uses dishonest "critical thinking" to maintain his preferred racist beliefs. This may be what all those Q-Anon goofs do too, without Aristotle, weeping anthropologists and cheering analysts (all fictional) thrown in to provide pseudo-sophistication to their claims.

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  7. "According to major experts, our species has done it this way all through the annals of time."

    I do not believe Somerby has read any major expert on this subject. He never cites any -- just his target of the day. His thinking doesn't reflect any ideas from such experts. In fact, this is bad faith discussion on all levels. All to avoid talking about race in any helpful way. Instead, he denies the legitimacy of people like Dr. Moore and Dr. Crear-Perry, preferring to substitute his own "facts" in which black women do not have worse child mortality and pregnancy complication rates than white women. Where does he think those stats come from, if white and black women are the same?

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  8. “that difference in reported loss of tips strikes us as less than overwhelming. “

    A difference of 11 percentage points doesn’t meet the Somerby threshold to show racial bias. What that threshold is will surely emerge in time, although I won’t lose sleep waiting.

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    1. Scientists use the concept of statistical significance to decide whether a difference is large enough to be meaningful. Studies don't get published unless the differences they find are large enough to be non-trivial.

      Notice how Somerby latches onto the smaller of the two differences quoted, 11% instead of 18%, the other difference mentioned. That shows his bad faith. Does he think we don't notice when he plays such games?

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  9. “Dr. Moore assumed to be right!”

    After 300 years when all black people were automatically assumed to be wrong, it grieves white men like B Somerby that this black woman is assumed to be right. SMDH.

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  10. Here is an essay by Dr William Barber:
    “The Racist History of Tipping”

    By REV. DR. WILLIAM J. BARBER II
    07/17/2019 05:12 AM EDT
    (https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2019/07/17/william-barber-tipping-racist-past-227361)

    In it he cites a study that seems to confirm today’s findings:

    “Consumer Racial Discrimination in Tipping: A Replication and Extension” by Michael Lynn, et al

    https://ecommons.cornell.edu/bitstream/handle/1813/71558/Lynn18_Consumer_Racial_Discrimination_in_Tipping.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

    Of course, Barber is a progressive, and he’s black, so therefore doubly suspect in Somerby’s world. If the authors of the above study can be determined to be progressive, then Somerby will dismiss the study with his a priori skepticism of research studies conducted by progressives.

    The idea that the legacy of slavery still lives is one that Somerby wants to question. All those black people living in poverty-stricken ghettoes in inner cities: that surely popped into existence from out of nowhere, not a legacy of slavery, because Howler readers know that the legacy of slavery ended on June 29, 1967, at 1:35pm. The assassination of MLK the next year was merely an unconnected bump in the road.

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  11. One might assume, given Somerby’s objections, that the main focus of the One Fair Wage group must be to find racism in the restaurant industry and report on it, undoubtedly with the sole aim of promoting liberal Storyline to make whites (particularly or possibly solely conservative whites) feel bad.

    As much as that is a great goal in and of itself, surely a secondary goal would be to help only black restaurant workers, and snub white ones, because that is surely a laudable goal.

    But no, the group uses the present findings to push for an end to the subminimum wage that all tipped workers receive. ($2.13 federal minimum wage for tipped workers currently).

    The story notes:

    “President Biden has called for raising the federal minimum wage, including for tipped workers.”

    If Somerby were really a progressive, he would be cheering this news. But he is too busy trying to debunk racism to notice.

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  12. Half of white waiters think blacks have a higher tolerance for pain.

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    Replies
    1. If you'd ever been a waiter, you'd understand how tolerance for pain is essential to doing that job.

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  13. "That column had even compared the videotape of Dr. Moore making her claims to the earlier videotape of the late George Floyd being killed, facedown in the street, by Officer Derek Chauvin."

    If you hold a biased belief that African American people tend to complain too much, or exaggerate their complaints, then it would lead you to (1) under treat that person for pain by withholding appropriate pain meds, and (2) not let up while kneeling on someone's neck, assuming that when they say they cannot breathe, they are just making noise and not actually in any difficulty.

    This is the connection between the two situations juxtaposed by Dr. Crear-Perry. Both arise from racial bias because of that underlying assumption about what black complaints mean, that they can be disregarded because black people exaggerate or are trying a con, are not telling the truth about their experience. There is a long history of that stereotype in wider society, not just in medical settings. The tendency of black people (or anyone in such a situation) to express those complaints more vigorously when they are ignored tends to create a vicious circle where the person in authority feels irritated and even more strongly believes that the renewed complaints are not genuine.

    That's why sensitivity training was promised to address the behavior of the doctor who mistreated Dr. Moore. White women experience a similar problem when they report pain to their doctors, especially pain related to certain syndromes which some male doctors consider (without evidence) to be psychosomatic. There is a long history of men who do not listen to women's complaints, which causes them to become louder and generates a negative feedback loop.

    That Somerby is unaware of this makes him unqualified to talk about what is true with regard to this subject. It is why men should take women's studies courses. Dr. Moore has a double-whammy in that she was both black and female while complaining about pain.

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    1. Here are several mistaken beliefs that lead to unfortunate consequences:

      1. If you can talk, then you are in no danger of asphyxiation, you can breathe.

      2. If you can smile, then you are not in sufficient pain to require pain meds.

      3. If someone asks for pain meds (as a physician might), then they are medication-seeking and probably planning to sell the pills on the street.

      4. Someone being restrained who complains about physical pain is just trying to get you to let up, so they can get away or reach for your gun.

      5. A patient who tells you what is wrong with them (instead of letting you do the diagnosis) or tells you how to medicate them, is medication-seeking or malingering.

      Couple that with the old stand-bys:

      1. A woman is not as good a doctor as a man. A black person is not as good a doctor as a white person. A black woman is worst of all and cannot know what they are talking about, requesting, self-diagnosing.

      2. A black person cannot be a professional or high income person. How they are dressed doesn't indicate middle class status because black people spend too much money on clothes and cars. Whatever a black person says to an officer is likely to be a lie. A black person who reaches for a wallet or ID is more likely to be reaching for a gun.

      Negative assumptions about black people arise in all kinds of situations, not just interactions with police. Somerby's assumptions about both Dr. Moore and Dr. Crear-Perry are an example of such assumptions. He also thinks Amy Goodman didn't do her homework as a reporter but is just following along with a script that calls white people racist.

      If I were a bigot like Somerby, I wouldn't want anyone to say negative things about me either, but the world doesn't let bigots off the hook just because they don't like being confronted with their own bigotry.

      Delete
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