Two points to ponder in today's Times!

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 2020

Also, you've been Schwedeled: The current state of our failing culture raises basic anthropological questions—questions about the basic intellectual and emotional functioning of our floundering, war-inclined species.

With that in mind, we'll direct you to a pair of points found in today's New York Times.

Our first citation comes from a guest column by Lisa Feldman Barrett, a psychology professor at Northeastern. Headline included, the column starts like this:

Your Brain Is Not for Thinking

Five hundred million years ago, a tiny sea creature changed the course of history: It became the first predator. It somehow sensed the presence of another creature nearby, propelled or wiggled its way over, and deliberately ate it.

This new activity of hunting started an evolutionary arms race. Over millions of years, both predators and prey evolved more complex bodies that could sense and move more effectively to catch or elude other creatures.

Eventually, some creatures evolved a command center to run those complex bodies. We call it a brain.

This story of how brains evolved, while admittedly just a sketch, draws attention to a key insight about human beings that is too often overlooked. Your brain’s most important job isn’t thinking; it’s running the systems of your body to keep you alive and well...

According to Barrett, her "story of how brains evolved" is actually "just a sketch." We assume that means that her story is vastly oversimplified, or something roughly like that.

Set that to the side. Barrett says your brain exists (has evolved) "to keep you alive and well." It doesn't exist to produce pure thought.

(Working from that framework, the modern American brain can be said to be functioning well.)

Barrett takes her basic observation in one direction. We'll suggest a different application: 

Does your brain exist to make you feel well? Say hello to tribal thought, to tribal true belief.

In his regular column in today's Times, Bret Stephens covers somewhat similar ground. In the following passage, he's discussing the "stab-in-the-back myth" which was sold to Germans to explain their nation's defeat in World War I:

[The story] claimed that the German Army, though in retreat in the fall of 1918, could have kept up the fight had it not been betrayed by defeatist and scheming politicians who agreed to an armistice that November.

This was, of course, a self-serving lie: Germany’s armies were being routed, its strategic situation was hopeless, its sailors were mutinying, its people were approaching starvation and only the armistice (which the kaiser’s generals asked for) spared it from a much more painful defeat.

But the nature of the myth wasn’t that it should be believable. It’s that it should be believed.

Question: If the story wasn't believable, why in the world was the story believed?

Answer: Our species' brain has not (primarily or necessarily) evolved for thinking—for rational thought! At times of great societal stress, our brain is designed to produce tribal true belief.

(At present, do our own tribe's brains behave in some such ways? We expect to address that question in the next few weeks.)

Completing the rule of three, we close by directing you to this new piece at Slate. The mysterious, inscrutable Heather Schwedel wrote the analysis piece in question. The headline atop it says this:

The Absolute Dirtiest Lines on Megan Thee Stallion’s New Album, Ranked

Slate began its life in the Clinton years as a source of intelligent mainstream center-left journalism. Our question—should it be surprising that Slate now seems to run on such rocket fuel?

We can offer no absolute answer to that sensible question. We can advance this one conjecture:

 If you click that link and travel to Slate, you may find that you've been Schwedeled!

Our brains are not designed for thinking? Can that even be true of the brains over here, within our superior tribe?

 

37 comments:

  1. Once again, Somerby takes another person's ideas, ignores their main points and bends those words to suit his own purposes.

    "Does your brain exist to make you feel well? Say hello to tribal thought, to tribal true belief."

    Feldman-Barrett says the brain exists to keep you alive and well, but Somerby adds the word "feel" and distorts her message about survival into something entirely different. And then he tacks on tribalism, his own bugaboo, without any justification at all, since tribalism mainly helps people survive via inclusion in groups, it has nothing to do with feelings.

    The word "feel" generally refers to subjective experience, physical sensations and emotions experienced in conscious awareness. Most organisms with brains are not conscious and there is little evidence they have feelings in the same sense as humans and some animals do. Does a fruit fly get angry? Probably not, and if it did, how would it be aware it was angry? But Somerby doesn't care about the word "feel" and what it means in terms of how the brain helps us survive. He is repeating the conservative meme that Democrats are governed by their feelings whereas conservatives are rational, and blaming people for tribalism, which is the very human quality that has allowed humans to survive as a species under harsh conditions for much of their evolutionary history.

    Thinking doesn't refer only to logic and reason, as Somerby narrowly conceives it. Thinking refers to everything our brain does, from perception of color to directing movement of our arms and legs, to keeping our heart beating. Limiting thinking to solely conscious thought, and further limiting it to just an approved sort of logical thought, focuses on the aspect of human functioning that is perhaps least important to our survival, but essential to our cohesion in social contexts, our coordination of group efforts, and our survival advantage under adversity. This is what Somerby comes here every day to denigrate.

    German discontent after WWI has nothing to do with Feldman Barrett's extremely dumbed down paragraphs or Slate's entertainment features. Somerby grabs this stuff and throws it into his essay without regard for what those authors were talking about, the excerpts prove nothing and illustrate nothing, serving no purpose except to fill space and let Somerby rant about disconnected issues of his own.

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  2. “Barrett says your brain exists (has evolved) "to keep you alive and well." It doesn't exist to produce pure thought.”

    Only if you are Barrett, Stephens, or Somerby is your brain actually capable of pure, non-tribal thought.

    The hubris of this is noted.

    Looked at another way: Rational thought is a byproduct of the development of the human brain. It certainly did “evolve” to produce rational thought.

    Barrett’s phrasing, that the brain isn’t “for” thinking or is “for” some other purpose is a ridiculous notion. It implies that the brain was “built” for some specific purpose, when in reality, it simply evolved to greater degrees of complexity.

    This is an example of the kind of writing that you would think Somerby would deplore.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Feldman-Barrett would not agree with Somerby's misuse of her concepts.

      One important purpose of rational thought is to override and control emotion. The purpose of emotion is to inform consciousness of where a person stands in relation to survival-related goals and events in the environment. If you are going to feel emotions in conscious awareness (which gives a survival advantage as a readout for controlling behavior), then you also need a way to control emotion, else it would be unbearable and overwhelm a person with suffering that uses the same mental mechanisms as physical pain.

      Rational thought uses consciousness to consider situations not present and directly experienced by the senses. That means people can think about the past, future, and possible situations not extant, including ideals and fantasy (things that cannot exist in any reality). This allows planning and analysis of past failures, invention, and practice of actions before engaging in them. There are enormous survival benefits to being able to do this stuff, none of which is rational thought as Somerby conceives it.

      Feldman-Barrett is kind of an idiot and she is not a neuroscientist by training. Somerby should be using her as an example of a psychology made easy book author who never succeeds at explaining complex topics well enough. But Somerby himself knows nothing about brain function, neuroscience or psychology, so he isn't capable of raising the appropriate criticisms. Instead, he pretends she is saying something she didn't say. I agree completely -- Somerby should be deploring what she said, instead of misusing it.

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  3. "Question: If the story wasn't believable, why in the world was the story believed?"

    Here Somerby refers to the myth that Germany was cheated at the end of WWI.

    Answer: Not what Somerby said. That has nothing to do with this at all.

    The answer is in those same history books that recorded this myth. Somerby left out the rest of the myth. He neglects to tell us that it was the Jews and communists who were blamed for selling out Germany. This gave Hitler an excuse to scapegoat his personal enemies. But mainly, this myth gave a focal point to German discontent that Hitler could use to attack the existing political parties and power structure, to gain support for his own party and win power. What was the real cause of people's discontent? Massive inflation and depression, real economic troubles that were affecting people's lives. Hitler gave them someone to blame for it. And his chant of Make Germany Great Again has been deliberately echoed by Trump -- that is no accident, nor has the targeting of immigrants been accidental.

    But Somerby thinks this is about the absence of rational thought or some such idiocy. It is offensive when he ignores the historical importance of these examples in favor of a cooked up nonsense about liberals being too tribal. So, we are distracted from the parallels between Trump and Hitler (which are real), and given a targeting of liberals instead, for being too human or not having brains or some stupid idiocy that Somerby hardly bothers to set up properly, even in Feldman-Barrett's kindergarten language.

    ReplyDelete
  4. The notion of “pure thought” as an idea being conceived and understood by human beings such as Somerby whose brains were not designed to produce “pure thought” is comical and unintentionally ironic.

    ReplyDelete
  5. “But the nature of the myth wasn’t that it should be believable. It’s that it should be believed.”

    This describes the authoritarianism of Orwell’s Big Brother.

    But there is always an authoritarian, or group of authoritarians, pushing the myth, knowing it is false. It’s about seizing or maintaining power. And that isn’t strictly irrational, when you think about it.

    Somerby’s list of nutcases seems to be necessarily expanding, from Trump to Giuliani, perhaps to Sidney Powell. Maybe. But it is at least plausible that these people know full well what they are doing and aren’t simply mentally addled.

    There is also the question of how many rank and file conservative voters don’t really believe the propaganda, but are willing participants in it in order to “own” or destroy the libs, like Mao used to do here.

    There may be a group of conservatives who actually believe Giuliani and Powell and the rest, but it isn’t because they are required to believe it; they do find it believable. They have been told, over and over by their media and their politicians, that Democrats are the enemy of liberty and must be eliminated. If they really are the enemy, then it isn’t irrational to think that they would try to steal an election and destroying them seems rational.

    To conservatives, liberals are the authoritarian ones, taxing, regulating, worrying about civil rights.

    And what has Bret Stephens written in the past couple of decades to help dispel the anti-liberal myths being pushed by conservatives prior to Trump?

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  17. This is very simple method about penis Enlargement Herbal medicine is 100% guaranteed for Penis Enlargement and Good Erection, The main reason why lots of men are finding it difficult to Enlarge penis and last long during xxx is because they so believe in medical report and drugs made of chemicals which cause damages to the body system. so I'm recommending Y'all fellow men facing this mess to contact Dr Aziba WhatsApp via +2348100368288 or Email : priestazibasolutioncenter@gmail.com for Natural Herbal Penis Enlargement Product






    This is very simple method about penis Enlargement Herbal medicine is 100% guaranteed for Penis Enlargement and Good Erection, The main reason why lots of men are finding it difficult to Enlarge penis and last long during xxx is because they so believe in medical report and drugs made of chemicals which cause damages to the body system. so I'm recommending Y'all fellow men facing this mess to contact Dr Aziba WhatsApp via +2348100368288 or Email : priestazibasolutioncenter@gmail.com for Natural Herbal Penis Enlargement Product

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  18. PROFESSIONAL SPELL CASTER WHO CAN HELP YOU WITH LOVE-SPELL TO GET YOUR EX LOVER BACK URGENTLY AFTER BREAKUP/DIVORCE EVEN IF YOUR SITUATION SEEMS HOPELESS! CONTACT: INFINITYLOVESPELL@GMAIL.COM IS CERTAINLY THE BEST SPELL CASTER ONLINE AND HIS RESULT IS 100% GUARANTEE.. 

    After 3 Years in a relationship with my Boyfriend, my Boyfriend started going out with other girls and showing me cold love, on several occasions he threatens to broke-up with me if I dare question him about his affair with other girls, I was totally devastated and confused until an old friend of mine told me about a spell caster on the internet DR GREAT who help people with their relationship and marriage problem by the powers of love Spells, At first I doubted If such thing ever exists but decided to give it a try, When I contact him, he told me everything I needed to do and I did and he helped me cast a Love Spell and within 28Hours my boyfriend came back to me and started apologizing, now he has stopped going out with girls and he is with me for good and for real. Contact this Great spell Caster for your relationship or marriage problem. 
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    EMAIL: infinitylovespell@gmail.com  OR  infinitylovespell@yahoo.com 
     
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  19. My ex-husband and I had always managed to stay friendly after our divorce in February 2017. But I always wanted to get back together with him, All it took was a visit to this spell casters website last December, because my dream was to start a new year with my husband, and live happily with him.. This spell caster requested a specific love spell for me and my husband, and I accepted it. And this powerful spell caster began to work his magic. And 48 hours after this spell caster worked for me, my husband called me back for us to be together again, and he was remorseful for all his wrong deeds. My spell is working because guess what: My “husband” is back and we are making preparations on how to go to court and withdraw our divorce papers ASAP. This is nothing short of a miracle. Thank you Dr Emu for your powerful spells. Words are not enough. here is his Email: emutemple@gmail.com or call/text him on his WhatsApp +2347012841542

    He is also able to cast spell like 1: Lottery 2: Conceive 3: Breakup 4: Divorce 5: Cure for all kinds of diseases and viruses.

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  20. MOST POWERFUL AND HONEST POWERFUL LOVE SPELL CASTER DR JUMBA +1(908) 517 4108 . WEBSITE :  https://drjumbaspellhome.wordpress.com    
    I am here to share the wonderful work Dr. Jumba did for me. After 7 years in marriage with my husband with 2 kids, my husband started acting weird and going out with other ladies and showed me cold love, on several occasions he threatens to divorce me if I dare question him about his affair with other ladies, I was totally devastated and confused until a old friend of mine told me about a spell caster on the internet called Dr. Jumba who help people with relationship and marriage problem by the powers of love spells, at first I doubted if such thing ever exists but decided to give it a try, when I contact him, he helped me cast a love spell and within 48hours my husband came back to me and started apologizing, now he has stopped going out with other ladies and his with me for good and for real. Contact this great love spell caster for your relationship or marriage problem to be solved today via email: wiccalovespelltools@gmail.com or text him on WhatsApp messenger:  +19085174108

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  22. THE PERFECT LOVE SPELL CASTER TO CONTACT FOR YOUR BROKEN MARRIAGE  AND GET IT SOLVE FAST 

    I can't forget how Dr Great helped me to restore back my marriage after 4 month of separating with my wife out of quarrel and she left and never return back to me, i did so much to get her back but nothing worked out not until i saw a comment online when someone was testifying of how Dr Great helped him to get back his wife and that was how i contacted him through his WhatsApp and after writing my issue out he assured me that he will help me to get back with my wife in 24 hrs after casting the love spell, and after he did the spell my wife came back home and pleaded that she was very sorry for leaving me, today am back with my wife and we are both happy and living together again. i know there are many people out there that want's to get their love back please contact Dr Great cause he is the perfect answer to your problem. Contact him:

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    ReplyDelete
  23. How i was able to have my ex back with me again


    Hello everyone i want to testify of the great and powerful spell caster named Dr IYAYA who brought back my ex who left me and got engaged to another girl,We where happy together when all of a sudden he just change he used to call me every morning and and night before going to bed but all that stopped when i call him he yell at me and told me he didn't want to have anything to do with me anymore i was so sad and confused i didn't know what to do then i went online to search on how to get back my ex then i found an article where someone was talking about how the great and powerful Dr IYAYA helped her and she left his email address i took it and contacted him i told him my problem he only smiled and told me to relax everything will be OK i did everything he asked me to do and he assured me that after 24hrs he will be back,To my greatest surprise the next morning it was my boyfriend he came back knelling and begging for me to accept him back now we are so happy together he can also help you contact him Here: Doctoriyaya@gmail.com you can also reach Dr IYAYA throungh WhatsApp Number: +2349055785722
    If you wish to know more about Dr IYAYA visit he website you may found your solution there www.https://dr-iyaya-herbal-remedy.webnode.com

    ReplyDelete
  24. I really want to thank Dr Emu for saving my marriage. My wife really treated me badly and left home for almost 3 month this got me sick and confused. Then I told my friend about how my wife has changed towards me then she told me to contact Dr Emu that he will help me bring back my wife and change her back to a good woman. I never believed in all this but I gave it a try. Dr Emu casted a spell of return of love on her, and my wife came back home for forgiveness and today we are happy again. If you are going through any relationship stress or you want back your Ex or Divorce husband you can contact his whatsapp +2347012841542 or email emutemple@gmail.com 

    ReplyDelete
  25. My husband and I have been married for over 10 years. We met when I was 18 and he was 21. We’ve been through a lot emotionally together. There were several HUGE fights and painful situations in our marriage, but we always seemed to come out stronger on the other side. Out of the blue my husband just sprung the divorce talk on me, I was totally depressed until I found Dr.Todd website online and I ordered for a Love spell. You won’t believe my husband called me at the exact time this spell caster finished his spell work in 48hrs. I was totally amazed! He is wonderful and his spells work so fast. His Email: manifestspellcast@ gmail. com manifestspellcast.wordpress.com
    WhatsApp:+1 604 901 9747

    ReplyDelete
  26. real love spell caster in America contact, dr.makinidrmurugu@gmail.com

    I want to share my story if you're so kind to listen, I hope you find the inspiration in yourself that I found in myself just recently. I'm a 24-year-old girl from Florida who has been looking for ways to get my boyfriend back.. My boyfriend told me it was over and walk away without any reason, I was confused and didn't know what to do. I was desperate, I want him back, I went over the internet looking for ways to get my boyfriend back. I read about many different ways of how to get ex back, but Murugu caught my attention. I immediately contacted her and explained my problem to her. It was amazing and surprising that 11hrs after the urgent love spell was cast, my boyfriend called me and was begging me to forgive him and accept him back, Couldn't believe, but later after he came to my house and fell on his knees asking me to take him back am so happy that my love is back again. I am testifying on this forum just to let people know that Murugu is real and genuine. don't hesitate to try her out. thank you Murugu you are truly talented and gifted genuine spell caster. Contact him now if you need your girlfriend/boyfriend back or your girlfriend moved on to another man, do not cry anymore ..contact this powerful spell caster now WhatsApp/call +90 538 069 4285, Email him at dr.makinidrmurugu@gmail.com OR dr.makinidrmurugu@yahoo.com
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    Website: http://drmuruguspells.com

    ReplyDelete
  27. real love spell caster in America contact, dr.makinidrmurugu@gmail.com

    I want to share my story if you're so kind to listen, I hope you find the inspiration in yourself that I found in myself just recently. I'm a 24-year-old girl from Florida who has been looking for ways to get my boyfriend back.. My boyfriend told me it was over and walk away without any reason, I was confused and didn't know what to do. I was desperate, I want him back, I went over the internet looking for ways to get my boyfriend back. I read about many different ways of how to get ex back, but Murugu caught my attention. I immediately contacted her and explained my problem to her. It was amazing and surprising that 11hrs after the urgent love spell was cast, my boyfriend called me and was begging me to forgive him and accept him back, Couldn't believe, but later after he came to my house and fell on his knees asking me to take him back am so happy that my love is back again. I am testifying on this forum just to let people know that Murugu is real and genuine. don't hesitate to try her out. thank you Murugu you are truly talented and gifted genuine spell caster. Contact him now if you need your girlfriend/boyfriend back or your girlfriend moved on to another man, do not cry anymore ..contact this powerful spell caster now WhatsApp/call +90 538 069 4285, Email him at dr.makinidrmurugu@gmail.com OR dr.makinidrmurugu@yahoo.com
    https://drmakinidrmurugu.blogspot.com
    Website: http://drmuruguspells.com

    ReplyDelete
  28. real love spell caster in America contact, dr.makinidrmurugu@gmail.com

    I want to share my story if you're so kind to listen, I hope you find the inspiration in yourself that I found in myself just recently. I'm a 24-year-old girl from Florida who has been looking for ways to get my boyfriend back.. My boyfriend told me it was over and walk away without any reason, I was confused and didn't know what to do. I was desperate, I want him back, I went over the internet looking for ways to get my boyfriend back. I read about many different ways of how to get ex back, but Murugu caught my attention. I immediately contacted her and explained my problem to her. It was amazing and surprising that 11hrs after the urgent love spell was cast, my boyfriend called me and was begging me to forgive him and accept him back, Couldn't believe, but later after he came to my house and fell on his knees asking me to take him back am so happy that my love is back again. I am testifying on this forum just to let people know that Murugu is real and genuine. don't hesitate to try her out. thank you Murugu you are truly talented and gifted genuine spell caster. Contact him now if you need your girlfriend/boyfriend back or your girlfriend moved on to another man, do not cry anymore ..contact this powerful spell caster now WhatsApp/call +90 538 069 4285, Email him at dr.makinidrmurugu@gmail.com OR dr.makinidrmurugu@yahoo.com
    https://drmakinidrmurugu.blogspot.com
    Website: http://drmuruguspells.com

    ReplyDelete
  29. Omg I Finally Got Helped  !! I'm so excited right now, I just have to share my testimony on this Forum.. The feeling of being loved takes away so much burden from our shoulders. I had all this but I made a big mistake when I cheated on my wife with another woman  and my wife left me for over 4 months after she found out..  I was lonely, sad and devastated. Luckily I was directed to a very powerful spell caster Dr Emu who helped me cast a spell of reconciliation on our Relationship and he brought back my wife and now she loves me far more than ever.. I'm so happy with life now. Thank you so much Dr Emu, kindly Contact  Dr Emu Today and get any kind of help you want.. Via Email emutemple@gmail.com or Call/WhatsApp +2347012841542

    ReplyDelete
  30. HERBAL DR EMU WHO PREPARE HERBAL MEDICINE TO CURE ALL KINDS OF DISEASES INCLUDING HERPES DISEASE.   
     I have been battling this Herpes disease for almost 3 years now....I tried all possible means to get cure from my Herpes Disease but all to be in vain until i saw a post in a health forum about a herbal Dr Emu who prepare herbal medicine to cure all kind of diseases including Herpes Disease, at first i doubted if it was real but decided to give it a try...when i contact Dr Emu via his email (emutemple@gmail.com)  write him and reply me explain how the process work so after ordering for the medicine I got it within 3/4 working days through DHL Delivery and I took it according to the way Dr Emu instructed, I was so happy after 2 week I took the medicine there was very big change in my health when I was done with the process I go for test, I found out I am negative...Herpes patients should also get in touch with this herbalist Dr Emu to get rid of these Herpes Virus forever his whatsapp number +2347012841542. Website: https://emutemple.wordpress.com/ 

    ReplyDelete